LTM Depot Open Day

The London Transport Museum Depot at Acton is an exciting and inspiring place. It is the location of the archives and a large collection of engineering curiosities, obsolete control gear, tunnel sections, signalling equipment and rolling stock. For the graphic designer and typographer, the signage, information systems and posters collection are unsurpassed. There is also an impressive collection of London Transport buses to browse.

The Depot opens for a few, limited days per year so booking is essential. The day was advertised as including a chance to look at the poster archive which should not be missed. Unfortunately, our guide knew very little about the posters and those on the tour were not allowed to look into the many drawers containing unimaginable drawings, original artwork and blue-prints. So, it was very uninformative although it is always fascinating to see the original printed posters first hand even if they are framed behind glass. As far as learning something about the posters, a book is recommended, available at the Museum Shop, however it is always a pleasure to see this Abram Games London Zoo poster.

Located at Farringdon Station is the Edward Johnston Memorial designed by Frazer Muggeridge in 2017. It is a kind of place of pilgrimage for typophiles but a criticism would be the exclusion of Upper Case letters, however, it is pleasing that the wooden tiles are mirrored as they would be in the original wooden type and that the great man’s name is cleverly inserted in to the alphabet.


I’m not expecting any great revelations today which is good because there haven’t been any! Perhaps if there was, they should be ignored. One idea that oozed in to my head was that perhaps lots of type faces are ok? Kings Cross, where I am waiting for my train to Leeds is very orderly and easy to navigate. The shop signs are subdued but are allowed their individuality but otherwise the shops are uniformly glass fronted. All the signage is in a Transport font, white on blue but the departure boards are the usual red LED models. No matter how busy the station becomes, it remains airy and open because of its lofty vault. Perfection – and I find myself questioning the modernism of it all, very much against my nature.

London Day Trip

This sticker had been partially peeled off from the back of the seat on my 0846 Azuma service to KGX so the temptation to ‘sketchbook’ it was unavoidable. Coach G, where my seat reservation was, is missing from this train so I’m in coach B.

Today is about rediscovering my research goals. I don’t know what I’m doing with it at all. I feel like giving up because railway typography is ok on the whole. What can I add? But I guess that could form a research question. I want to look critically at TfL typography today. Johnston is sacred to many people, including me but I wonder whether it is used carefully enough. I also want to look for any rogue typefaces and assess why and if they should be there. Part of me thinks I must just carry on and create the work, make the journals and see what happens. Part of me thinks why? I need a mentor desperately – someone outside my own head who can spot things I can’t. There is so much doubt. I’m not young anymore so why should I bother with all this? I don’t know and I tell my students that not knowing is part of being creative so may be I should accept that I do not know the answers. To gain enlightenment one must practice without the desire for wisdom.


When we started making Volume3, Paige and I didn’t really have specific aims for the project. It is part of my PhD but there was no rationale for me to collaborate with an ex-student. Paige has a slightly different way of looking at things and I suspect that didn’t go down too well with her lecturers at University. I, on the other hand, value the insight that younger designers have and I wondered if Paige would benefit from a collaboration. Why should she? I didn’t know. I thought I would benefit from her vision but there was no logical reason for us to work together. Lockdown was happening and so collaboration would be interesting in that context but still the reasons were tenuous. I simply believed in Paige’s ability and she is a nice person. We split the tasks required and the results are good. At a time when I lost motivation completely, for anything – my life had seemed pretty hopeless at that point, Paige messaged me. Then she sent me her G. F. Smith paper sample book. I regained some motivation and the project continues. This is the purpose of collaboration – to rely on your collaborators to make up for your shortfalls.

Our plan now is to print each sheet on a different stock, one of which will be transparent or translucent. We still need a cover which I need to talk to Paige about. For now, Volume3 is nearly ready for printing. Stock needs to be ordered and a cover finalised. If anything, Volume3 is about collaboration. It is an idea to experiment with images and type around the theme of railway stations but now that seems to be a secondary concern. What matters is that we made something which I believe is better than it would have been had I worked on it on my own.


I have sent almost my complete project to Megan, my friend and unofficial supervisor. I feel a bit guilty about this because actually there is quite a lot of material for her to look through. In the covering email I observed that the project seemed incongruous in the Covid pervasive climate. We are now in national lockdown again. Logically, train travel has changed over the past few months with far fewer people travelling by rail

So the question is, how do we get people on to trains again? How do we make train travel safe and attractive for the future? I travelled on a Heritage Railway one warm summers day – see previous post. To protect passengers, the Keighly and Worth Valley Railway was only using rolling stock with compartments. This seemed very sensible and was enjoyable for me because I had a compartment to myself. There was a party of six, making the compartment next to mine, full.

Almost all main line services use open, non-compartmentalised coaches which hold more people than older coaches with compartments. I would like to check this though. It is difficult to imagine how future transport can be made safe. A vaccine is imminent but does that mean we HAVE to go back to packed carriages? Can current carriages be compartmentalised, even partially? Can air-conditioning be improved so as to filter and kill viruses? Surely squeezing as many people as possible in to coaches can not be acceptable any more?

The purpose of my project is not examine the interior design of rolling stock but how can typography encourage passengers back on to trains and pave the way for new transport initiatives which are safe and healthy? At present I only have the belief that typography can ease the transition in to a new era of train travel but is that enough? I also believe it is a good place to start.

I have collaborated on a new volume in my series of Typographic Railway Manuals with Paige, an ex-student of mine. We shared the design of images and type and at present I am combining our different approaches. There is no rationale to this apart from wanting to mentor Paige and also see what happens if two different generations of graphic designer tried to work together in lockdown. I’m very hopeful for the result. The image at the top of the post is the first one I put together and the one above is waiting for type.

Fountain Pens and Straight Razors

Last Saturday, 13th September, there was a 1940’s weekend at my local Heritage Railway – Bolton Abbey & Embsay Steam Railway which I decided to go to. This is a transcript of what I wrote at the time. Battle of Britain Day is the 15th September.

To begin with, I feel quite uncomfortable. It is a very unfamiliar situation. I have been on steam heritage railways before but have not been interested in the nostalgia events that are run on them every now and then. The train compartment is lovely, full of old mocquette and six seats which make a creaky sound as the train bounces along. I can hear the little engine, “Beatrice” chuffing away. I admit, I was very excited at travelling in my own compartment. The train crawls along and the smoke smells divine. Sun streams in to my face as the countryside slips slowly past. The engine whistles every now and again.

On the station at Bolton Abbey, I was surprised to see a young lad of 16 or 17 dressed as a US GI. Most other participants in the dressing up brigade are much more senior. I’m not very good at talking to people. It seems very alien to me, dressing up and, (as I see it) approximating the 1940s. I really don’t know what to make of it all. I want to laugh but I know I shouldn’t. I want to be the Black GI who dances to Jazz.

Its an odd feeling because I like – maybe love – old trains and planes. A while ago, after a trip to the RAF Museum at Hendon, I felt the urge to equip myself with a pilots headset, goggles and oxygen mask. These are not from the 1940s but from the late 70s when I was an Air Cadet. I have also found a Vegan flying jacket, like an Irvine pattern as worn by WW2 pilots. What does this mean? I do not know at all. I also have a preference for fountain pens and a straight razor for shaving. I put this down to sustainability but… I just feel confused. I suppose I must interview some one who takes part AND take part myself. They are playing ‘We’ll Meet Again” as the train pulls off.

To my joy I found my sunglasses on the luggage rack. I didn’t even know I had left them in the compartment. Perhaps the type of nostalgia I need to think about is much more subtle – perhaps even a form which is subconcious or affects the subconcious mind and operates at a subliminal level. I had bread and butter and a cup of tea when I got home.

And the Antiques Roadshow TV programme was broadcasting a ‘special’ to commemmorate The Battle of Britain, opening with Fiona Bruce flying in a Spitfire (training version) over Biggin Hill aerodrome and the Kentish Weald. “No valuations tonight,” assures Fiona. Battle of Britain Day is 15th September and Sunday 20th is the official rememberance day.

Perhaps nostalgia is a big ‘pick and mix’. Perhaps what I pick personally is not what other would pick. I do not know but I do know that I have huge respect for the few.

Getting back on track

Someone asked me how my PhD was going. I didn’t really know how to answer. The truth is it has been a bit of a struggle since Sharon died. I have questioned everything – life, work, existence. In the end, I have decided to try to get my research moving again. I have been working with Paige, who graduated from LCC last year. We are making a journal for no other reason than it might be interesting and the Covid19 situation has meant we are working distantly. I wrote a brief and we split the tasks between us so that she was handling some of the type and some of the image work and I was handling the opposite. So my type will go with her images and vice versa. Who knows what will happen?!

Part of my plan is to send some writing to Megan, my “supervisor” so that she can give me some pointers and/or critique. Lastly, I need some inspiration. 🤔

am I doing hell in Crewe What?

This is awkward. I decided to come to Crewe because of it being a famous rail junction and because I’ve never been here. The town is dull and the station is not much better. It seems very out dated and drab. I’m wondering how to approach observing or recording here. I have had lunch in the unprepossessing ‘Pumpkin’ cafe and have set myself two hours to do – I’m not sure what. The typographic information for travellers is particularly unstructured. The architecture has some interest being partly run down but retaining a trace of former glory. That could be a way forward. It is a pity that there is no attempt to reference the heritage of Crewe Station.

Now what?

On 8th October 2019 my beautiful, clever, crazy, soul mate, Sharon, my wife, died suddenly. Everything gets turned up side down. I will miss her always. My mother had died a few months previously and our two cats that Sharon and I had known for 18 years died too. Consequently, any thoughts of working towards a PhD disappeared. However, I had to deliver a lecture to my students about research and realised that I had prepared a questionnaire on nostalgia which had been passed by York College Ethics Committee. I decided to conduct the questionnaire as part of the lecture and it has kick started my research again. A pattern has emerged in that if I have to think or work on what on earth my research is about, I have to go to a railway station. In this case it is Crewe, although it seems trapped in time and not really in a good way.

Converse Column by Liliane Lijn


I took a long time looking at Converse Column. The video I took can’t be posted because my plan doesn’t support video (!) so I’ve stolen this from the Nexus web-site.

The two levels of text appear to be contra-rotating and messing with your cultural inclination to try to read it from left to right. The result is mesmerising because you have to read the words as they appear to you and decode them in your head. The context of each word changes as the column rotates. It is brilliant. I love the way it undermines language and demands that you re-structure your ability to read a text.